At first, buying tiles doesn't seem particularly complicated: you'll find the right tiles according to your style and taste, and then buy them so that experts or experts with enough talent and knowledge can professionally install them on your four walls. But it's actually not that simple. In advance, you should consider the following aspects:
Clay, sand and feldspar are the basic materials used in tile production. In the first step, the mixture is pretreated to the desired shape and size and then roasted at a temperature between 1000 and 1250 ℃. As a result of the preparation stage, calcined and unglazed clay bodies are obtained, which are called fragments. According to the types and structures of the fragments, three types of ceramics are distinguished
The firing temperature of pottery is the lowest, about 850 to 1000 degrees. The advantages and disadvantages of clay tiles (or clay fragments) are: good processability of materials. Because of the large pores, the water absorption is more than 10%. Can only be placed indoors or in the living room, clay brick durable, but poor elasticity, so it is recommended only used as wall brick.
Coarse pottery fragments are produced at firing temperatures of about 1000 and 1100 degrees Celsius. With the help of feldspar and other fluxes, higher material density can be achieved. This process ensures lower water absorption and better mechanical strength. Therefore, the stone fragment is antifreeze and can be used both indoors and outdoors. The stone fragment can be used as wall tile or floor tile
In the manufacturing process of porcelain ware, a very high content of fine mineral powder is used, which contains a high proportion of quartz, feldspar and other fluxes, and is "dry pressed" under high pressure. The highest firing temperature of this kind of body is about 1200 ℃. This creates a very high density of connectivity. The obtained material has high wear resistance and chemical resistance. Due to its very high density, the material absorbs only a small amount of water. The water absorption is less than 0.5%, so the ceramic stone brick can be used indoors and outdoors.
The shape, format and size of the tile
From an aesthetic point of view, the choice is particularly important: the shape and color of the tiles. In this era, there are a variety of colors and shapes as well as tile sizes. In terms of block size or shape, small blocks (such as mosaic blocks) and large blocks (XXL blocks) are distinguished. The advantage of mosaic brick is obviously its high design potential, so it can perfectly highlight some areas. This tile shape is suitable for both wall design and floor design. The disadvantage is that they take significantly longer to lay than other tiles.
Opposite the mosaic tile is XXL tile, which has been popular for several years. Here, the uniform design of floor and wall can be realized, and the room with ceramic tile appears more quiet, and the appearance of small room may be significantly larger. The disadvantage of this tile size is that it is easy to crack and crack and the complexity of laying, which should be borne by professionals. Now there are a lot of sizes and shapes in the industry, but there are no binding specifications. Fortunately, some block sizes have been determined:
10 x 10 cm
18 x 18 cm and
15 x 20 cm
Wall tiles are usually used for
13.5 x 19 cm or
20 x 33.3 cm working
On the other hand, the following sizes are used for floor tiles:
20 x 20 cm
25 x 25 cm
30 x 30 cm
30 x 60 cm
Location of tiles
The next question to ask: where should I use magnets? In the bathroom, living room, or entrance area? Through some laying methods and forms, the proportion of rooms can be designed very differently and can be changed at the same time. For example, the spacing effect achieved by floor tiles and certain laying patterns can be completely different. It is also important to choose the right color, as the effect/impression of the room may vary greatly depending on the color of the tiles. Some of the tile colors Hanse offers are beige, blue, brown, gray, green, metal, red, black, laterite and so on.
In the place of use, you should also consider the wear grade. Basically, there are five wear grades (EN standard) for glazed pottery, coarse pottery or high-grade coarse pottery bricks:
Wear class 1 - very light to use
Private living area: brick wall
Wear rating 2 - light
Area: Barefoot / slipper area, private living area with wall tiles in bathroom and bedroom
Wear rating 3 - medium duty
Private living area: bathroom and bedroom, living room
Wear level 4 - heavy use
Private living area: living room, dining room and study, kitchen, corridor, corridor and staircase
Business district: health and treatment areas for sales offices, hotels, schools, hospitals and clinics
Wear rating 5 - heavy use
Area: private living area: living room, dining room, and studio, kitchen, corridor, corridor and staircase, terrace and balcony, garage
Commercial areas: salesrooms, hotels, schools, health and treatment areas in hospitals and clinics, restaurants, banks, car dealers
A small deviation: in commercial places, it is necessary to observe some antiskid properties of ceramic tiles according to the use position (mandatory!). But these tiles also offer many advantages and a high degree of security in private living areas (such as kitchens, corridors, bathrooms, stairs, balconies and balconies, garages). Make sure the foot feel is divided into 2 groups:
Go with r9-r13 shoes
Barefoot climb a, B or C.
In the private sector, there is a need to ensure the stability of R9 and R10 levels
In addition, tiles with slip resistance of R9 / A and R10 / b are most commonly used in bathrooms and floor showers.
In terms of production, color deviation may occur between different production batches, so the same fire color (batch) should be paid attention to when purchasing ceramic tiles, and may be reserved for future planning. If there is waste or breakage when laying tiles, it may affect the overall effect. Even if it is repaired later, if you still have spare tiles, it may be an advantage. Another tip: lay different batches of tiles (although the fire color is the same). The overall situation is calmer due to the balance of production-related color and aperture fluctuations.
Laying and grouting
High-quality materials shall be used for laying and grouting to achieve the best effect. Depending on the nature of the tiles (size, crockery, advanced crockery, outdoor floor heating), plastic modified materials (e.g., flexible adhesives or flexible joints) must be used.
Before you buy Tiles, you should ask yourself a final question: how to clean tiles? For some types of tiles, especially natural stone tiles, acid cleaners should not be used as they can damage the tiles. The best choice is water, even if more effort is required. To protect the joint, avoid using irritating or acidic cleaners. They make the cemented joints porous and ensure that they completely collapse over time.