Since it allows IoT devices to be linked to it, an IoT platform is essential. A physical sensor is connected to a networking system, which may be WiFi, GSM, Ethernet, LoRa, SigFox, Mesh, NB-IoT, and so on. When an IoT system is turned on, it needs a place to attach and begin collecting sensor data. That functionality is provided by an IoT security solution. Since they provide stability and the ability to forward data to consumer applications, most commercial IoT platforms are cloud-based. Some companies also include data visualization, user interface design, and data analytics.